Who is at risk of overdose?

People who:

  • Are taking high doses of opioids for long-term management of chronic pain.
  • Have a history of substance use or a previous non-fatal overdose.
  • Are using heroin.
  • Have lowered opioid tolerance as a result of completing a detoxification program or recently being released from incarceration.
  • Are using a combination of opioids and other drugs such as benzodiazepines (Klonopin®, Valium®, Xanax®) or alcohol.
  • Are unfamiliar with the strength and dosage of prescription opioids and the purity of street drugs like heroin.
  • Are alone when using drugs.
  • Smoke cigarettes or have a respiratory illness, kidney or liver disease, cardiac illness, or HIV/AIDS.